--born of the virgin Isis-Merion December 25 in a cave/manger with his birth being announced by a star in the East and attended by three wise men. --his earthly father was named “Seb” (“Joseph”). --was of royal descent. --at 12, he was a child teacher in the Temple, and at 30, he was baptized having disappeared for 18 years. --baptized in the river Eridanus or Iarutana (Jordan) by “Anup the Baptizer” (“John the Baptist”), who was decapitated. --had 12 disciples, two of who were his “witnesses” and were named “Anup” and “Aan” (the two “Johns”). --performed miracles, exorcised demons and raised El-Azarus (“El-Osiris”), from the dead. --walked on water. --his personal epithet was “Iusa,” the “ever-becoming son” of “Ptah,” the “Father.” He was thus called “Holy Child.” --delivered a “Sermon on the Mount” and his followers recounted the “Sayings of Iusa.” --was transfigured on the Mount. --crucified between two thieves, buried for three days in a tomb, and resurrected. --he was also the “Way, the Truth, the Light,” “Messiah,” “God’s Anointed Son,” “the “Son of Man,” the “Good Shepherd,” the “Lamb of God,” the “Word made flesh,” the “Word of Truth,” etc. --he was “the Fisher” and was associated with the Fish (“Ichthys”), Lamb and Lion. --came to fulfill the Law. --called “the KRST,” or “Anointed One.” --was supposed to reign one thousand years.
Inscribed about 3,500 years ago on the walls of the Temple at Luxor were images of the Annunciation, Immaculate Conception, Birth and Adoration of Horus, with Thoth announcing to the Virgin Isis that she will conceive Horus; with Kneph the “Holy Ghost,” impregnating the virgin; and with the infant being attended by three kings, or magi, bearing gifts. In addition, in the catacombs at Rome are pictures of the baby Horus being held by the virgin mother Isis—the original “Madonna and Child.”
Osiris c. 3000 BCE
--Father of Horus, considered to be part of a triune godhead -- Osiris, Horus and Isis. --Osiris was identified with nearly every other Egyptian god and was on the way to absorbing them all. He had well over 200 divine names. --He was called the Lord of Lords, King of Kings, God of Gods. --He was the Resurrection and the Life, the Good Shepherd, Eternity and Everlastingness, the god who “made men and women to be born again.” --From first to last, Osiris was to the Egyptians the god-man who suffered, an died, and rose again, and reigned eternally in heaven. They believed that they would inherit eternal life, just as he had done . --Osiris’s coming was announced by Three Wise Men: the three stars Mintaka, Anilam, and Alnitak in the belt of Orion, which point directly to Osiris’s star in the east, Sirius (Sothis), significator of his birth . . . --Osiris was a prototypical Messiah, as well as a devoured Host. His flesh was eaten in the form of communion cakes of wheat, the “plant of Truth.” . . . --The cult of Osiris contributed a number of ideas and phrases to the Bible. The 23rd Psalm copied an Egyptian text appealing to Osiris the Good Shepherd to lead the deceased to the “green pastures” and “still waters” of the nefer-nefer land, to restore the soul to the body, and to give protection in the valley of the shadow of death (the Tuat). --The Lord’s Prayer was prefigured by an Egyptian hymn to Osiris-Amen beginning, “O Amen, O Amen, who are in heaven.” Amen was also invoked at the end of every prayer.
Attis of Phrygia c.1400 BCE
-- born on December 25 of the Virgin Nana (or sometimes Cybelem). -- considered the savior who was slain for the salvation of mankind. -- his body as bread was eaten by his worshippers -- his priests were “eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven.” -- he was both the Divine Son and the Father. -- he was crucified on a tree on “Black Friday,” from which his holy blood ran down to redeem the earth. -- descended into the underworld for three days. -- was resurrected on March 25 (as tradition held of Jesus) as the Most High God. -- reborn as the evergreen pine.
Krishna c. 1400 BCE (possibly as early as 5771 BCE)
-- born of the Virgin Devaki (“Divine One”) on December 25. --his earthly father was a carpenter, off in the city paying tax when K. was born. --birth was signaled by a star in the east and attended by angels and shepherds, at which time he was presented with spices. --heavenly hosts danced and sang at his birth. --persecuted by a tyrant who ordered the slaughter of thousands of infants. --anointed on the head with oil by a woman whom he healed. --depicted as having his foot on the head of a serpent. --worked miracles and wonders, raising the dead and healing lepers, the deaf and the blind. --used parables to teach the people about charity and love, and he “lived poor and he loved the poor.” --castigated the clergy, charging them with “ambition and hypocrisy . . . Tradition says he fell victim to their vengeance.” --his “beloved disciple” was Arjuina or Ar-jouan (Jouhn). --transfigured in front of his disciples. --gave his twelve disciples the ability to work miracles. --his path was “strewn with branches.” --died on a tree or was crucified between two thieves. --killed around the age of 30, and the sun darkened at his death. --rose from the dead and ascended to heaven “in the sight of all men.” --depicted on a cross with nail-holes in his feet, as well as having a heart emblem on his clothing. --the “lion of the tribe of Saki.” --called the “Shepherd of God” and considered the “Redeemer,” “Firstborn,” “Sin-Bearer,” “Liberator,” “Universal Word.” --deemed the “Son of God” and “our Lord and Savior,” who came to earth to die for man’s salvation. --the second person of the Trinity. --his disciples purportedly bestowed upon him the title “Jezeus,” or “Jeseus,” meaning “pure essence.”
Zoroaster/Zarathustra c. 1000 BCE or earlier
--born of a 15-year-old virgin, Dughdhava and “immaculate conception by a ray of divine reason.” --he was baptized in a river. --in his youth he astounded wise men with his wisdom. --was tempted in the wilderness by the devil. --began his ministry at age 30 wandered around with twelve followers. --baptized with water, fire and “holy wind.” --cast out demons and restored the sight to a blind man. --taught about heaven and hell, and revealed mysteries, including resurrection, judgment, salvation and the apocalypse. --had a sacred cup or grail. --was slain. --his religion had a eucharist. --he was the “Word made flesh.” --followers expected a “second coming” in the virgin-born Saoshynt or Savior, who is to come in 2341 CE and begin his ministry at age 30, ushering in a golden age.
Mithra of Persia c. 600 BCE
--born of a virgin on December 25 in a cave, and his birth was attended by shepherds bearing gifts. --considered a great traveling teacher and master. --had 12 companions or disciples. --his followers were promised immortality. --performed miracles. --the “great bull of the Sun,” Mithra sacrificed himself for world peace. -- buried in a tomb and after three days rose again. --resurrection was celebrated every year. --called “the Good Shepherd” and identified with both the Lamb and the Lion. --considered the “Way, the Truth and the Light,” and the “Logos,” [Word] “Redeemer,” “Savior” and “Messiah.” --sacred day was Sunday, the “Lord’s Day,” hundreds of years before the appearance of Christ. --had his principal festival on what was later to become Easter. --his religion had a eucharist or “Lord’s Supper,” at which Mithra said, “He who shall not eat of my body nor drink of my blood so that he may be one with me and I with him, shall not be saved.” --his annual sacrifice is the Passover of the Magi, a symbolical atonement of pledge of moral and physical regeneration.
ALSO, the Vatican is built upon the papacy of Mithra, and the Christian hierarchy is nearly identical to the Mithraic version it replaced . . . Virtually all of the elements of the Catholic ritual, from miter to wafer to altar to doxology, are directly taken from earlier Pagan mystery religions.
Buddha (Siddartha Gautama) c. 563 BCE
--born on December 25 --born of the Virgin Maya (“the Queen of Heaven”) -- announced by a star and attended by wise men presenting costly gifts. --at his birth Brahma angels sang hymns. --tempted by Mara, the Evil One, while fasting, but overcame the temptation, putting the Evil One to flight. --taught in temple at age 12 and was able to match the wise religious scholars in their understanding. -- He healed the sick; fed 500 from a small basket of cakes. --walked on water. --Buddha's disciple wanted to hear his lord preach so he started to cross a stream – he doubted and started to sink but he built up his faith and continued to walk across the water. --came to fulfill the law and preached the establishment of a kingdom of righteousness. --He obliged followers to live in poverty and to renounce the world. --In his final years, Buddha was said to have 'crushed a serpent's head' and to have been transfigured on a mount ...' --It was Buddha, not Christ, who first said: 'If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also'
Heracles c. 800 BCE
--born on December 25 to a virgin who refrained from sex with her until her God-begotten child was born. --sacrificed at the spring equinox.
Dionysus c. 186 BCE
--born of a virgin on December 25 and, as the Holy Child, was placed in a manger. --a traveling teacher who performed miracles. --rode in a triumphal procession on an ass. -- a sacred king killed and eaten in an eucharistic ritual for fecundity and purification. --rose from the dead on March 25. --the God of the Vine, and turned water into wine. --called “King of Kings” and “God of Gods.” --considered the “Only Begotten Son,” Savior,” “Redeemer,” “Sin Bearer,” Anointed One,” and the “Alpha and Omega.” --identified with the Ram or Lamb. --His sacrificial title of “Dendrites” or “Young Man of the Tree” indicates he was hung on a tree or crucified.
Tammuz c. 400 BCE
--born to a virgin, named Mylitta, on December 25
Adonis c. 200 BCE
--born on December 25 was son of the virgin Myrha. (Almost certainly based on Tammuz).
--born on December 25 was the son of the virgin Maia, --member of a holy trinity Hermes Tris-Megistus.
--born on December 25, was crucified in 200 BCE.
--born on December 25, descended from heaven as a god incarnate as man, to save mankind, and was crucified, suffered, and was redeemed from death.
This is a video my husband showed to me months ago, after he received it from one of his co-hosts. (In case you don't know, my husband is 1/3 of Reasonable Doubts podcast. I suggest you check it out!) I found it entirely ridiculous at the time, and still do to this day. I wanted to share this with anyone who may not have seen it yet.
I'm doing a blog on a very well known and widely referenced trial that took place in Tennessee in 1925. During this time, the teaching of evolution in public schools was illegal. This blog came to be because my oldest daughter was just cast in the play Inherit the Wind, which focuses on the Scopes trial. I just thought it would be fun to educate myself about the real trial (besides the basics I've heard referenced in passing) and to help my daughter do her research. So, here goes:
Here is a time line I found on NPR.org:
1914 – George William Hunter's A Civic Biology, the book that is later used in biology courses in Dayton, Tenn., is published. A Civic Biology describes evolution as "the belief that simple forms of life on the earth slowly and gradually gave rise to those more complex and that thus ultimately the most complex forms came into existence."
1921 – Former congressman and ex-Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan becomes a leader in the anti-evolution movement, delivering speeches entitled "The Menace of Darwinism" and "The Bible and its Enemies." Bryan declares in one address that "[i]t is better to trust in the Rock of Ages, than to know the age of the rocks; it is better for one to know that he is close to the Heavenly Father, than to know how far the stars in the heavens are apart."
1924 – Bryan delivers a lecture in Nashville entitled "Is the Bible true?" Copies of the speech are delivered to members of the Tennessee legislature, including Rep. John Washington Butler.
Jan. 21, 1925 – Rep. Butler introduces legislation in the Tennessee House of Representatives calling for a ban on the teaching of evolution. The proposed law, known as the Butler bill, would prohibit the teaching of "any theory that denies the story of the Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible, and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower order of animals."
Jan. 27, 1925 – The Tennessee House of Representatives approves the Butler bill on a 71-to-5 vote.
March 13, 1925 – After several hours of heated debate, the Tennessee Senate approves the Butler bill 24 to 6.
March 21, 1925 – Tennessee Gov. Austin Peay signs the Butler bill into law. The new law is the first in the United States to ban the teaching of evolution.
May 4, 1925 – A Chattanooga newspaper runs an item noting that the American Civil Liberties Union is seeking teachers willing to challenge the Butler law. The item says that the ACLU is "looking for a Tennessee teacher who is willing to accept our services in testing this law in the courts. Our lawyers think a friendly test case can be arranged without costing a teacher his or her job... All we need now is a willing client."
May 5, 1925 – A group of town leaders in Dayton, Tenn., read the news item about the ACLU's search. They quickly hatch a plan to bring the case to Dayton, a scheme that they hope will generate publicity and jump-start the town's economy. They ask 24-year-old science teacher and football coach John Thomas Scopes if he'd be willing to be indicted to bring the case to trial. Scopes agrees, even though he has only taught biology as a substitute teacher and later says he isn't sure he covered evolution in his classes.
May 12, 1925 – Bryan agrees to participate in the trial on the side of the prosecution, ensuring that the case will receive significant national interest. Several days later, well-known attorneys Clarence Darrow and Dudley Field Malone announce their interest in representing Scopes.
May 25, 1925 – Scopes is indicted by a grand jury for violating Tennessee's anti-evolution law.
May-July, 1925 – Preparations begin in Dayton for an expected onslaught of trial-related publicity. Six blocks of Dayton's main road are transformed into a pedestrian mall; a speaker's platform is built on the lawn of the courthouse; and a tourist camp is constructed. The courtroom is outfitted with the latest technology to transmit the story to the world: telegraph and telephone wiring, movie-newsreel camera platforms and radio microphones. WGN Radio broadcasts the trial live at a cost of more than $1,000 a day just for telephone lines -- the first such broadcast of its kind.
July 10, 1925 – The trial begins with jury selection. Judge John Raulston asks the Rev. Lemuel M. Cartright to open the proceedings with a prayer.
July 13, 1925 – In an effort to have the Butler law declared unconstitutional, defense attorney Clarence Darrow delivers a long, fiery speech arguing that the law violates freedom of religion. Darrow argues that "we find today as brazen and as bold an attempt to destroy learning as was ever made in the Middle Ages."
July 14, 1925 – In the third day of the trial, Darrow objects to the practice of opening the trial with a prayer. Judge Raulston overrules the objection, noting that he has instructed the ministers who offer the prayer to "make no reference to the issues involved in this case."
July 15, 1925 – Judge Raulston overrules the defense's motion to have the Butler law declared unconstitutional. Raulston says in his ruling that the law "gives no preference to any particular religion or mode of worship. Our public schools are not maintained as places of worship, but, on the contrary, were designed, instituted, and are maintained for the purpose of mental and moral development and discipline."
In an afternoon session that day, a not guilty plea is entered on Scopes' behalf. Each side presents its opening statements. The prosecution questions the superintendent of schools and two of Scopes' students, who testify that Scopes taught his class about evolution. The defense questions zoologist Maynard Metcalf, who testifies that evolution is a widely embraced theory in the scientific community.
July 17, 1925 – Judge Raulston rules in favor of a motion by prosecutors to bar expert testimony by scientists. Raulston argues that the experts' opinions on evolutionary theory would "shed no light" on the issue at hand in the trial -- whether Scopes violated the state's anti-evolution laws. Many reporters leave town, believing that the trial is effectively over. Scopes is recruited to write news stories on the trial for some of the delinquent journalists.
July 20, 1925 – With the proceedings taking place outdoors due to the heat, the defense -- in a highly unusual move -- calls Bryan to testify as a biblical expert. Clarence Darrow asks Bryan a series of questions about whether the Bible should be interpreted literally. As the questioning continues, Bryan accuses Darrow of making a "slur at the Bible," while Darrow mocks Bryan for "fool ideas that no intelligent Christian on earth believes."
July 21, 1925 – The final day of the trial opens with Judge Raulston's ruling that Bryan cannot return to the stand and that his testimony should be expunged from the record. Raulston declares that Bryan's testimony "can shed no light upon any issues that will be pending before the higher courts." Darrow then asks the court to bring in the jury and find Scopes guilty -- a move that would allow a higher court to consider an appeal. The jury returns its guilty verdict after nine minutes of deliberation. Scopes is fined $100, which both Bryan and the ACLU offer to pay for him.
After the verdict is read, John Scopes delivers his only statement of the trial, declaring his intent "to oppose this law in any way I can. Any other action would be in violation of my ideal of academic freedom -- that is, to teach the truth as guaranteed in our constitution, of personal and religious freedom."
July 26, 1925 – Five days after the Scopes trial ends, Bryan dies in his sleep in Dayton.
July 31, 1925 – Bryan is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. The words "He Kept the Faith" are inscribed on his tombstone.
1926 – Mississippi becomes the second state to pass a law banning the teaching of evolution in public schools.
May 31, 1926 – The appeal hearing in the Scopes case begins.
Jan. 15, 1927 – The Tennessee Supreme Court rules that the Butler law is constitutional. However, it overturns Scopes' verdict on a technicality, ruling that his fine should have been set by the jury hearing the case instead of by Judge Raulston. The justices declare in their ruling that "[n]othing is to be gained by prolonging the life of this bizarre case."
1927 – George William Hunter publishes A New Civic Biology, an updated version of the biology book used in the Dayton high school where Scopes taught. The new text deals with the concept of evolution cautiously and avoids explicitly naming the theory.
1928 – A third state, Arkansas, enacts legislation banning instruction on evolution.
1930 – The William Jennings Bryan Memorial University opens in Dayton, Tenn. Known today as Bryan College, the institution describes itself as "a highly ranked, nationally competitive college that puts Christ above all."
March 13, 1938 – Clarence Darrow dies at the age of 80.
Jan. 10, 1955 – The play Inherit the Wind, which is loosely based on the Scopes trial, opens on Broadway.
1960 – Thirty-five years after the Scopes trial, the film version of Inherit the Wind opens at a drive-in movie theater in Dayton. Scopes returns to the town for the premiere and is given the key to the city.
May 17, 1967 – Tennessee repeals the Butler Act, the law that banned the teaching of evolution in public schools.
1967 – John Scopes publishes Center of the Storm, his memoir of the trial.
1968 – In Epperson v. Arkansas, the Supreme Court strikes down an Arkansas law banning the teaching of evolution.
Oct. 21, 1970 – John Scopes dies at the age of 70.
1973 – Tennessee becomes the first state in the United States to pass a law requiring that public schools give equal emphasis to "the Genesis account in the Bible" along with other theories about the origins of man. The bill also requires a disclaimer be used any time evolution is presented or discussed in public schools. It demands evolution be taught as theory and not fact.
1975 – Two years after it is passed, Tennessee's "equal time" law is declared unconstitutional by a federal appeals court.
1977 – The National Park Service designates Rhea County Courthouse in Dayton a National Historic Landmark.
1982 -- In McLean v. Arkansas Board of Education, a U.S. district judge strikes down an Arkansas law that required public schools to give "balanced treatment" to evolution and creationism whenever either was taught.
1987 – In Edwards v. Aguillard, the Supreme Court rules that a Louisiana law requiring public schools to give "balanced treatment" to creationism and evolution is unconstitutional.
2005 – School boards and legislatures across the country are continuing to debate how to teach students about the origins of life on Earth. Policymakers in at least 16 states are currently examining the controversy.
I find the process we had to go through to get FACT and SCIENCE taught in our schools absolutely amazing. They were willing to ban scientific fact in favor of supernatural supposition. I don't understand how that can be considered an 'education' at all. It's public indoctrination. Dave and I just ordered Scopes' book and we're looking forward to reading his take on the entire process. I'm sure I'll be making more posts on this subject in the future.
I know it's been a while since I've posted anything, but as many of you know we found out soon after the turn of the new year that we're expecting! Now that I'm in the second trimester I'm starting to feel much better, and I want to get blogging on a more regular basis.
The reason for this particular post is because of a video a friend linked me to. (See the video here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XEQdYdCfl60&feature=related) It's an Insane Clown Posse (ICP) video called "Miracles." Not only do they list some asinine things as "miracles," but they even say "And magnets! How does THAT shit work?!" Then they mention how they don't want to listen to scientists.
I never realized how religious ICP was. I've always been aware of the fact that they were awful, but not to the extent of trying to indoctrinate their listeners.
So, what's the fascination? I just don't understand. What does this band have that makes people want to call themselves "Juggalos" and enter into this painted-face Faygo-spewing cult?
Check out the video and let me know what you think.*
(Seriously. If you can shed some light, please do so.)
(Edited because the offended party and I discussed our 'head butting' point and the misunderstandings were worked out.)